Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2018, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (1): 80-94.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2018.00080

• ARTICLES • Previous Articles    

An improvement of soil temperature simulations on the Tibetan Plateau

SiQiong Luo1, BoLi Chen2, ShiHua Lyu3,4, XueWei Fang3, JingYuan Wang1, XianHong Meng1, LunYu Shang1, ShaoYing Wang1, Di Ma1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Land Surface Process and Climate Change in Cold and Arid Regions, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China;
    2. Changzhou Meteorological Bureau, Changzhou, Jiangsu 213000, China;
    3. School of Atmospheric Sciences, Plateau Atmosphere and Environment Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu, Sichuan 610225, China;
    4. Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210044, China
  • Received:2017-06-04 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: SiQiong Luo,

Abstract: The simulation of soil temperature on the Tibetan Plateau (TP) plays a dominant role in the performance of both global climate and numerical weather forecast models. To improve the simulation of soil temperature on the TP, the Johansen soil thermal conductivity parameterization scheme was introduced into Community Land Model 3.5 (CLM3.5) and Regional Climatic Model 4 (RegCM4). The improved CLM3.5 and RegCM4-CLM were utilized to conduct offline and regional simulation experiments on the TP. Comparison of the new and old schemes revealed that CLM3.5 provides high thermal conductivity parameters of mineral soil solid on the TP. The Johansen scheme is more practical for the TP than the soil thermal conductivity parameterization in CLM3.5. The simulation of soil temperature and liquid water content was improved in offline experiment. The improved parameterization scheme can also reduce the simulation error of soil temperature in winter throughout the entire TP.

Key words: soil temperature, soil thermal conductivity parameterization scheme, Tibetan Plateau, CLM3.5, RegCM4

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