Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2021, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (1): 1–17.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2021.20045

• •    下一篇


  • 收稿日期:2020-06-04 接受日期:2020-09-08 出版日期:2021-02-28 发布日期:2021-02-07

Constitutive models and salt migration mechanisms of saline frozen soil and the-state-of-the-practice countermeasures in cold regions

YuanMing Lai1,2(),ZheMin You1,Jing Zhang1,2   

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2020-06-04 Accepted:2020-09-08 Online:2021-02-28 Published:2021-02-07
  • Contact: YuanMing Lai
  • Supported by:
    the National Key Research and Development Program of China(2018YFC0809605);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(41230630);the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(QYZDY-SSW-DQC015);Science and Technology Plan Project of Tibet(XZ201801-GB-07)


A series of saline soil-related problems, including salt expansion and collapse, frost heave and thaw settlement, threaten the safety of the road traffic and the built infrastructure in cold regions. This article presents a comprehensive review of the physical and mechanical properties, salt migration mechanisms of saline soil in cold environment, and the countermeasures in practice. It is organized as follows: (1) The basic physical characteristics; (2) The strength criteria and constitutive models; (3) Water and salt migration characteristics and mechanisms; and (4) Countermeasures of frost heave and salt expansion. The review provides a holistic perspective for recent progress in the strength characteristics, mechanisms of frost heave and salt expansion, engineering countermeasures of saline soil in cold regions. Future research is proposed on issues such as the effects of salt erosion on concrete and salt corrosion of metal under the joint action of evaporation and freeze-thaw cycles.

Key words: frozen saline soil, strength criteria and constitutive models, salt migration and crystallization, multiple field coupling model, countermeasures

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