Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2017, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (6): 587-598.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2017.00587

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A review on the ambit and prospects of C3 and C4 plants in Nigeria

Abdulwakeel Ayokun-nun Ajao1,2, Oludare Oladipo Agboola3, Sefiu Adekilekun Saheed1   

  1. 1. Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria 220005;
    2. Department of Botany and Plant Biotechnology, University of Johannesburg, P. O. Box 524, Auckland Park, South Africa 2006;
    3. Department of Botany, University of Lagos, Akoka, Nigeria 101017
  • Received:2017-01-12 Online:2017-12-01 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: Abdulwakeel Ayokun-nun Ajao, Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife 220005, Nigeria.
  • Supported by:
    The authors thank Dr. Sabiu Saheed for encouraging us to write this review; also, the support of Mr. Alayande Kazeem and Dr. Balogun Fatai Oladunni is greatly appreciated.

Abstract: Despite the enormous applications of photosynthesis in global carbon budget and food security, photosynthesis research has not been adequately explored as a research focus in Nigeria. Previous works on C3 and C4 plants in Nigeria were mainly on the use of anatomical characteristics to delimit plant species into their respective pathways, with no attention being paid to its applications. In this review, past and present knowledge gaps in this area of study are elucidated. Information used in this review were sourced from referred research articles and books in reputable journals. The results revealed that C3 and C4 plants are distributed among 21 genera and 11 families in Nigeria. In addition there is dearth of informatio such that only three genera have been classified based on diverse photosynthetic pathways with no information found on the physiological and biochemical characterization of these genera. Moreover, further research is also suggested for tackling new challenges in the area of food productivity and climate change.

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