Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2015, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (5): 503-512.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2015.00503

• ARTICLES • Previous Articles    

Experimental study of the effects of non-uniformly distributed fine soil on mechanical properties of Shenyang-Dandong Railway coarse-grained soil

QianMi Yu, JianKun Liu, JingYu Liu, DingJun Lv, TengFei Wang   

  1. School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China
  • Received:2015-02-26 Revised:2015-04-28 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: Ph.D., JianKun Liu, Professor of Department of Highway and Railway Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University. No. 3, ShangYuan Residential Quarter, HaiDian District, Beijing 100044, China. Tel/Fax: +86-10-51684096; E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the National Basic Research Program of China (973 program, Grant No. 2012CB026104) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 41271072, 41371081 and 51378057).

Abstract: The stress produced by repeated train loads decreases with increasing railway subgrade bed depth, and slightly weathered coarse particles of subgrade bed fillings can be broken at different levels under continuous load. Thus, the mass of fine soil, with a diameter of not more than 0.075 mm, is different at different depths. Fine soil is also sensitive to frost heave and thaw settlement. In order to study the effects of non-uniformly distributed fine soil on the mechanical properties of coarse-grained soil of the Shenyang-Dandong Railway, triaxial tests were conducted with three types of specimens, undergoing six freeze-thaw cycle numbers (0, 1, 3, 7, 9, 12) and three confining pressures (100, 200, 300 kPa). The freezing temperature is -5 ℃ and the thawing temperature is +15 ℃. The stress-strain behavior, static strength, resilient modulus, cohesive force and the angle of internal friction were measured for different tested specimens. As a result, the law of static strength and resilient modulus of different specimens following the increase of freeze-thaw cycles under three confining pressures is obtained. The changing law of cohesive force and friction angle of three specimens following the increase of freeze-thaw cycles is also calculated, and the different results of different specimens are also compared.

Key words: fine soil, non-uniform distribution, freeze-thaw cycles, soil mechanical properties

Andersland OB, Ladanyi B, 2004. Frozen Ground Engineering (2nd edition). Co-Published by American Society of Civil Engineers and John Wiley & Sons (ASCE Press).
Aoyama K, Ogawa S, Fukuda M, 1985. Temperature dependencies of mechanical properties of soils subjected to freezing and thawing. In: Kinosita S, Fukuda M (eds.). Proceedings of the 4th International Symposium on Ground Freezing, August 5-7, 1985, Sapporo, Japan. Rotterdam, Netherlands: A.A. Balkema Publishers, pp. 217-222.
Benoit GR, Voorhees WB, 1990. Effect of freeze-thaw activity on water retention, hydraulic conductivity, density and surface strength of two soils frozen at high water content. USA Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Special Report 90-1.
Chamberlain EJ, Gow AJ, 1979. Effect of freezing and thawing on the permeability and structure of soils. Engineering Geology, 13(1-4): 73-92.
Chen X, Wang Y, 1989. Control of frost heave in geotechnical engineering. Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering. [S. l.]: Publ. by American Soc. of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
Chen XZ, Ye J, 2013. Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (5th edition). Beijing: Tsinghua University Press.
Du J, Hou KP, Liang W, et al., 2013. Experimental study of compaction characteristics and fractal feature in crushing of coarse-grained soils. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 34(Supp.1): 155-161.
Fu H, Lin H, Cai ZY, 2009. Influencing factors for particle breakage of coarse grained soil. Journal of Hohai University (Natural Science), 37(1): 75-79.
Gao YF, Zhang B, Liu W, 2009. Experimental study on particle breakage behavior of rockfills in large-scale triaxial tests. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 30(5): 1237-1240.
Guyon E, Troadec JP, 1994. Du sac de billes au tas de sable. France: Odile Jacob Science. (in French)
Lee W, Bohra NC, Altschaeffl AG, et al., 1995. Resilient modulus of cohesive soils and the effect of freeze-thaw. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 32: 559-568.
Liu HL, Qin HY, Gao YF, 2005. Experimental study on particle breakage of rockfill and coarse aggregates. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 26(4): 562-565.
Liu JK, Zeng QL, Hou YF, 2011. Subgrade Engineering. Beijing: China Building Materials Press.
Ma W, Wang DY, 2014. Frozen Soil Mechanics. Lanzhou: Science Press Ltd.
Mao XS, Ma B, 2011. The Research on the Stability of Frost Subgrade Based on the Effect of Moisture-Thermal Coupling. Beijing: China Communications Press.
Vinson TS, Ahmad F, Rieke R, 1986. Factors important to the development of frost heave susceptibly criteria for coarse-grained soils. Train Research Record, pp. 124-131.
Wang DY, Ma W, Niu YH, et al., 2007. Effects of cyclic freezing and thawing on mechanical properties of Qinghai-Tibet clay. Cold Regions Science and Technology, 48: 34-43.
Wang TL, Yue ZR, 2013. Influence of fines content on frost heaving properties of coarse grained soil. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 34(2): 359-388.
Xu J, Niu FJ, Niu YH, et al., 2011. Analysis on the effect of replacing-soil method on inhibiting frost heave of railway roadbed in seasonal frozen soil region. China Railway Science, 32(5): 1-7.
Yang G, Zhang BY, Yu YZ, 2010. An experimental study on particle breakage of coarse-grained materials under various stress paths. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 41(3): 338-342.
Ye YS, Wang ZJ, Cheng AJ, et al., 2007. Frost heave classification of railway subgrade filling material and the design of anti-freezing layer. China Railway Science, 28(1): 1-7.
Zhang JM, Zhang L, Jiang GS, 2008. Research on particle crushing of calcareous sands under triaxial shear. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 29(10): 2789-2793.
[1] ShengYun Chen, Qian Zhao, WenJie Liu, Zhao Zhang, Shuo Li, HongLin Li, ZhongNan Nie, LingXi Zhou, ShiChang Kang. Effects of freeze-thaw cycles on soil N2O concentration and flux in the permafrost regions of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(1): 69-79.
[2] Tuncer B. Edil, Bora Cetin, Ali Soleimanbeigi. Laboratory and field performance of recycled aggregate base in a seasonally cold region [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2017, 9(3): 183-191.
[3] QiuBo Yan, Feng Zhang, KangWei Tang, ShuJuan Wang, Yan Liu. Experimental investigation on static and dynamic resilient moduli of compacted fine soil [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2017, 9(3): 297-306.
[4] ShengBo Xie, JianJun Qu, Tao Wang. Wind tunnel simulation of the effects of freeze-thaw cycles on soil erosion in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2016, 8(3): 187-195.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!