Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2017, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (3): 297-306.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2017.00297

• ARTICLES • Previous Articles    

Experimental investigation on static and dynamic resilient moduli of compacted fine soil

QiuBo Yan1, Feng Zhang2, KangWei Tang2, ShuJuan Wang1, Yan Liu1   

  1. 1. Jilin Provincial Transport Scientific Research Institute, Changchun, Jilin 130012, China;
    2. School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Heilongjiang, Harbin 150090, China
  • Received:2016-11-21 Revised:2016-12-21 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: Tang KangWei, KangWei Tang, Harbin Institute of Technology. No. 73, Huanghe Road, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150090, China. Tel: +86-451-86282120; E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    This research is supported by the National Key Basic Research Development Plan (2012CB026104),the National Natural Science Foundation of China (51408163,51578200 and 41430634).

Abstract: To investigate the static and dynamic resilient modulus of fine soil, and adapting to the new design code and maintenance system of highway subgrade in China, a series of static and dynamic tests were carried out according to the standard laboratory test methods (JTG E40-2007 and JTG D30-2015, respectively). The effects of initial water content, compactness and freeze-thaw cycles on the static and dynamic resilient moduli of fine soil were investigated and analyzed. Experimental test results show that with increasing water content, dry density and freeze-thaw cycles, the static moduli reduces about 10.2%~40.0%, 14.4%~45.5%, and 24.0%~50.3%, and dynamic moduli reduces about 10.9%~90.8%, 2.5%~38.4%, and 0.0%~46.0%, respectively. Then, the empirical mathematical relationship between static and dynamic resilient moduli was established under different water content, dry density and freeze-thaw cycles. The investigation results can be used to determine the dynamic modulus of fine soil by widely used static modulus, which could meet the requirement of adopting dynamic modulus index in new specification.

Key words: fine soil, static modulus, dynamic modulus, freeze-thaw cycle, mathematical relationship

Andrei D, Witczak MW, Schwartz CW, et al., 2004. Harmonized resilient modulus test method for unbound pavement materials. The 83rd Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, Washington D.C. DOI: 10.3141/1874-04.
Broms BB, 1964. Lateral resistance of piles in cohesive soils. Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundation Division, ASCE, 90(3): 123-156.
Brown SF, Hyde AFL, 1975. A significance of cyclic confining pressure in repeated-load triaxial testing of granular material. Transportation Research Record. Washington DC: TRB, pp. 49-58.
Chen SK, Ling JM, Zhang SZ, et al., 2006. Determination of loading sequence of subgrade dynamic resilient modulus indoor test. Highway, 11: 153-157.
Cole D, Bentley D, Durell G, et al., 1986. Resilient modulus of freeze-thaw affected granular soils for pavement design and evaluation, Part 1 Laboratory tests on soils from Winchendon, Massachusetts, test sections CRREL Report 86-4.
George KP, 2004. Prediction of resilient modulus from soil index properties. Mississippi: The University of Mississippi.
Graham J, Au VCS, 1985. Effects of freeze-thaw and softening on a natural clay at low stresses Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 22(1): 69-78. DOI: 10.1139/t85-007. [DOI:10.1139/t85-007]
Han YP, 2005. Resilient modulus estimation system. Ph.D. Dissertation, Missouri: University of Missouri-Rolla, 2005.
Hicks RG, Monismith CL, 1971. Factors influencing the resilient properties of granular material. Transportation Research Record. Washington DC: TRB, pp. 15-31.
Johnson TC, Cole DM, Chamberlain EJ, et al., 1979. Effect of freeze-thaw cycles on resilient properties of fine-grained soils. Engineering Geology, 13(1-4): 247-276. DOI: 10.1016/0013-7952(79) 90036-X.
Ling JM, Chen SK, Cao CW, et al., 2007. Analysis of influencing factors of resilient modulus of subgrade soil. Journal of Building Materials, 10(4): 446-451.
Ling JM, Su HC, Xie HC, et al., 2010. Experimental study on dynamic resilient modulus of subgrade soil. Chinese Journal of Underground Space and Engineering, 6(5): 919-925.
Liu WM, Li ZY, Dong C, et al., 2013. Study on prediction model of dynamic resilient modulus of cohesive subgrade soils considering under different moisture. Highway Engineering, 6: 6-9.
Mao XS, Wang WN, Hou ZJ, et al., 2009. Experimental research on resilient modulus of remolded soil based on water content and freeze-thaw cycles. Chinese Journal of Rock Machines and Engineering, 28: 3585-3590.
Muhanna AS, Rahman MS, Lambe PC, et al., 1999. Resilient modulus measurement of fine-grained subgrade soils. Transportation Research Record. Washington DC: TRB, pp. 3-12. DOI: 10.3141/1687-01.
Raad L, Zeid BA, 1990. Repeated load model for subgrade soils: model applications. Transportation Research Record. Washington DC: TRB, pp. 83-90.
Seed HB, Chan CK, Lee CE, et al., 1962. Resilient characteristics of subgrade soils and their relationship to fatigue failures in asphalt pavements. Proceeding International Conference on Structural Design of Asphalt Pavement. University of Michigan, pp. 611-636.
Simonsen E, Isacsson U, 2001. Soil behavior during freezing and thawing using variable and constant confining pressure triaxial tests. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 38(4): 863-875. DOI: 10.1139/cgj-38-4-863. [DOI:10.1139/cgj-38-4-863]
Simonsen E, Janoo V, 2002. Resilient properties of unbound road materials during seasonal frost conditions. Journal of Cold Regions Engineering, 16: 28-50. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)0887-381X(2002)16:1(28). [DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)0887-381X(2002)16:1(28)]
Wang J, Lv X, Zhang YL, et al., 2016. Study on static and dynamic modulus relationship of subgrade soil in seasonal frost regions. Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development, 33(9): 25-30.
Yau A, Quintus HV, 2004. Predicting elastic response characteristic of unbound materials and soils. The 83rd Annual Meeting of Transportation Research Board, Washington D.C. DOI: 10.3141/1874-06.
Zhang SZ, 2008. Experimental study on dynamic modulus of subgrade soil. Northern Communications, 6: 18-21.
[1] ShengYun Chen, Qian Zhao, WenJie Liu, Zhao Zhang, Shuo Li, HongLin Li, ZhongNan Nie, LingXi Zhou, ShiChang Kang. Effects of freeze-thaw cycles on soil N2O concentration and flux in the permafrost regions of the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(1): 69-79.
[2] Tuncer B. Edil, Bora Cetin, Ali Soleimanbeigi. Laboratory and field performance of recycled aggregate base in a seasonally cold region [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2017, 9(3): 183-191.
[3] HongHuan Cui, YuTao Ma, JianKun Liu, ZhiYang Wang. Experimental study of the dynamic behavior of high-grade highway-subgrade soil in a seasonally frozen area [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2017, 9(3): 289-296.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!