Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2015, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (4): 421-429.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2015.00421

• ARTICLES • Previous Articles    

Finite element analysis on deformation of highembankment in heavy-haul railway subjected to freeze-thaw cycles

ChengYi Yu1, Shuang Tian1,2, Liang Tang1,2, XianZhang Ling1,2, GuoQing Zhou2   

  1. 1. School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150090, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou, Jiangsu 221008, China
  • Received:2015-02-25 Revised:2015-05-18 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: Ph.D., Liang Tang, Associate Professor of School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150090, China. Tel: +86-451-86282095; E-mail:,,
  • Supported by:
    This research is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41430634), the Foundation Project Program 973 of China (No. 2012CB026104), the Foundation Project Program of SHENHUA BAOSHEN Railway Corporation Limited(No. 201212240384), Technology Research and Development Plan Program of Heilongjiang Province, China (No. GZ13A009),and State Key Laboratory for GeoMechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology (Grant No. SKLGDUEK1209).

Abstract: Finiteelement simulations are increasingly providing a versatile environment for this topic. In this study, a two-dimensional finite element analysis is conducted to predict the deformation of highembankment in Bazhun heavy-haul railway, China. A recently developed nonlinear softening-type constitutive model is utilized to model the behavior of subgrade filling materials subjected to freeze-thaw cycles. For the convenience of practical application, the dynamic loading induced by a vehicle is treated as a quasi-static axle load. The deformation of this embankmentwith different moisture content under freeze-thaw cycles is compared. The results show that when subjected to the first freeze-thaw cycle, the embankmentexperienced significant deformation variations. Maximum deformation was usually achieved after the embankment with optimum moisture content experienced six freeze-thaw cycles, however, the embankment with moisture content of 8.0% and 9.5% deforms continuously even after experiencing almost ten freeze-thaw cycles. Overall, this study provides a simple nonlinear finite element approach for calculating the deformation of the embankmentinchanging climate conditions.

Key words: deformation, nonlinear finite element analysis, freeze-thaw cycles, embankment, heavy-haul railway

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