Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2017, Vol. 9 ›› Issue (3): 258-260.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2017.00258

• ARTICLES • Previous Articles    

Year-round cooling and thermal stabilization of water-saturated soils under engineering structures

Vladimir Moiseev1, Nicolai Vasiliev2, Tatyana Komarova3, Olga Komarova4   

  1. 1. Department of Mathematics, Emperor Alexander I St. Petersburg State Transport University, Moskovskiy Ave., 9, St. Petersburg 190031, Russia;
    2. Static Research of Soils Laboratory, B. E. Vedeneev VNIIG, JSC, Gzhatskaya 21, St. Petersburg 195220, Russia;
    3. DISIST Scientific Center, Novocherkasky Ave, 40, St. Petersburg 195112, Russia;
    4. DISIST Scientific Center, Novocherkasky Ave, 40, St. Petersburg 195112, Russia
  • Received:2016-11-14 Revised:2016-12-14 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: Nicolai Vasiliev, Ph.D., head of static research of soils laboratory, B.E. Vedeneev VNIIG, JSC. Gzhatskaya 21, St. Petersburg 195220, Russia.

Abstract: We consider the problem of year-round cooling of water-saturated soil to freezing temperatures in order to convert it into a state of permafrost.A new soil-cooling apparatus is proposed.The apparatus is to be made in modular form and connected to passive-active thermal piles (thermosyphons).The estimated capacity of one apparatus allows simultaneous use of up to 1,000 thermal piles for ground freezing.The apparatus is based on natural sources of energy:solar radiation and wind;and it can be used for soil freezing.This approach can prevent thawing of soft soils under railways and roads,as well as under buildings or structures,in an area of more than tens of hectares.The apparatus has no mechanical moving parts and can operate for a long time in stand-alone mode without staff involvement.

Key words: thermopiles, frozen soil, preventing of thawing, the apparatus for cooling

Gurevich VB, 1992. The port hydrotechnik objects. In:Transport.Moscow, pp. 692. (in Russian)
Vasiliev NK, Moiseev VI, Komarova TA, et al., 2016. Patent of Russian Federation N163882.
[1] XiaoDong Zhao, GuoQing Zhou, GuiLin Lu, Yue Wu, Wei Jiao, Jing Yu. Strength of undisturbed and reconstituted frozen soil at temperatures close to 0℃ [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2017, 9(4): 404-411.
[2] Aleksey Marchenko, Nicolai Vasiliev, Artem Nesterov, Yuri Kondrashov, Nikolay Belyaev. Laboratory investigations of the thermal strain of frozen soils, using fiber-optic strain gauges based on Bragg gratings [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2017, 9(3): 192-196.
[3] JunPing Ren, Sai K. Vanapalli, Zhong Han. Soil freezing process and different expressions for the soil-freezing characteristic curve [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2017, 9(3): 221-228.
[4] ZhiMing Li, Jian Chen, Kai Sun, Bin Zhang. Numerical simulation and experimental validation of moisture-heat coupling for saturated frozen soils [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2017, 9(3): 250-257.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!