Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2016, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (1): 1-8.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2016.00001

• REVIEW •    

Agroecosystem research in Uppsala, Sweden and Naiman, China:Some observations 1987-2014

Olof Andrén1,2, XueYong Zhao1, Thomas Kätterer3, Martin Bolinder3   

  1. 1. Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute(CAREERI), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China;
    2. Björklundavägen 3, SE-756 46 Uppsala, Sweden (The consultancy business:Oandren. com);
    3. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, SE-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden
  • Received:2015-07-10 Revised:2015-09-14 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: Olof Andrén
  • Supported by:
    This contribution was made possible by a Professorship for Senior International Scientists (Grant No. Y229D91001), kindly granted to Prof.O. Andrén by the Chinese Academy of Sciences, as well as a Speaker invitation to the International Conference on Restoration and Sustainable Use of Desertified Lands held in Tongliao, China in August 2014.

Abstract: The recent economic progress in China has stimulated scientific research in sandy lands in Inner Mongolia, where the Institute of Desert Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences (now CAREERI) has a leading position. Economic progress naturally creates financial resources for research, and also a dire need for solutions to emerging environmental problems following development, where wind-blown dust from Inner Mongolia adds to the severe particle air pollution in many Chinese cities. This paper presents selected results and observations made during Chinese-Swedish cooperation projects spanning 25 years. Results and experiences from sandy land research concerning climate, vegetation, root dynamics, soil carbon balances, etc. are briefly presented. The evolution of the Naiman Desertification Research Station, 520 km northeast of Beijing, from 1988 to 2013 is duly noted and commented. An overview of the ICBM soil carbon model concept follows and a few recommendations for future scientific advancement in Chinese arid lands are given.

Key words: Inner Mongolia, steppe, vegetation, sandy land, soil carbon, review

Andrén O, Kätterer T, 1997. ICBM:The introductory carbon balance model for exploration of soil carbon balances. Ecological Applications, 7:1226-1236.
Andrén O, Kätterer T, Juston J, et al., 2012. Soil carbon dynamics, climate, crops and soil type:Calculations using Introductory Carbon Balance Model (ICBM) and agricultural field trial data from sub-Saharan Africa. African Journal of Agricultural Re-search, 7:5800-5809.
Andrén O, Kätterer T, Karlsson T, et al., 2008a. Soil C balances in Swedish agricultural soils 1990-2004, with preliminary projections. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 81:129-144.
Andrén O, Kihara J, Bationo A, et al., 2007. Soil climate and decomposer activity in sub-Saharan Africa estimated from standard weather station data:A simple climate index for soil carbon balance calculations. Ambio, 36:379-386.
Andrén O, Kirchmann H, Kätterer T, et al., 2008b. Visions of a more precise soil biology. European Journal of Soil Science, 59:380-390.
Andrén O, Zhao X, Liu X, 1994. Climate and litter decomposition in Naiman, Inner Mongolia, China. Ambio, 23:222-224.
Bolinder MA, Andrén O, Kätterer T, et al., 2007. Soil carbon dynamics in Canadian agricultural ecoregions:Quantifying climatic influence on soil biological activity. Agriculture, Eco-systems & Environment, 122:461-470.
Bolinder MA, Kätterer T, Andrén O, et al., 2012. Estimating carbon inputs to soil in forage-based crop rotations and modeling the effects on soil carbon dynamics in a Swedish long-term field experiment. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 92:821-833.
Carlsson M, Andrén O, Stenström J, et al., 2012. Charcoal appli-cation to arable soil:Effects on CO2 emissions. Communica-tions in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 43:2262-2273.
Feng S, Hu Q, Qian W, 2004. Quality control of daily meteorological data in China, 1951-2000:A new dataset. International Journal of Climatology, 24:853-870.
Hansson AC, Zhao A, Andrén O, 1993. Fine-root growth dynamics of two shrubs in semiarid rangeland in Inner Mongolia, China. Ambio, 23:225-228.
Hansson AC, Zhao A, Andrén O, 1995. Fine-root production in degraded vegetation in Horqin Sandy Rangeland in Inner Mongolia, China. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation, 9:1-13.
Hénin S, Dupuis M, 1945. Essai de bilan de la matière organique du sol. Annales Agronomiques, 15:17-29.
Lehmann J, 2007. Bio-energy in the black. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 5:381-387.
Luo Y, Zhao X, Andrén O, et al., 2014. Artificial root exudates and soil organic carbon mineralization in a degraded sandy grass-land in northern China. Journal of Arid Land, 6:423-431.
R Core Team, 2013. R:A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria:R Foundation for Statistical Computing. Open access available at:
Root-Bernstein M, Ladle RJ, 2014. Multilinguismo nas ciêncas ambientais:Ahora ya! (Multilingualism in Environmental Sciences:It's about time!). Ambio, 43(6):836-837. DOI:10.1007/s13280-014-0531-x.
Smith P, Andrén O, Brussaard L, et al., 1998. Soil biota and global change at the ecosystem level:The role of soil biota in ma-thematical models. Global Change Biology, 4:773-784.
Tenney FG, Waksman SA, 1929. Composition of natural organic materials and their decomposition in the soil:4. The nature and rapidity of decomposition of the various organic complexes in different plant materials, under aerobic conditions. Soil Science, 28:55-84.
Yang YQ, Hou Q, Zhou CH, et al., 2008. Sand/dust storm processes in northeast Asia and associated large-scale circulations. At-mospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8:25-33.
Zhang W, Skarpe C, 1995. Small-scale species dynamics in semi-arid steppe vegetation in Inner Mongolia. Journal of Ve-getation Science, 6:583-592.
Zhao XY, Zhang CM, Zuo XA, 2009. Challenges to desertification reversion in Horqin Sandy Land. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 20:1559-1564.
Zhu Z, Yang Y (eds.), 1988. Desertification and Rehabilitation in China. The International Centre for Education and Research on Desertification Control, Lanzhou.
Zuo XA, Knops JMH, Zhao X, et al., 2012. Indirect drivers of plant diversity-productivity relationship in semiarid sandy grass-lands. Biogeosciences, 9:1277-1289.
[1] MengQi Li,XingDong He,XiangXiang Yang,YueDan Zhao,YuBao Gao. Comparisons of plant calcium fraction between two different vegetation zones in semi-arid region [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(4): 340-346.
[2] Na Li,ChangZhen Yan,JiaLi Xie,JianXia Ma. Cultivated-land change in Mu Us Sandy Land of China before and after the first-stage grain-for-green policy [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(4): 347-353.
[3] RuiXia He, HuiJun Jin, XiaoLi Chang, YongPing Wang, LiZhong Wang. Freeze-thaw processes of active-layer soils in the Nanweng'he River National Natural Reserve in the Da Xing'anling Mountains, northern Northeast China [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(2): 104-113.
[4] WenDa Huang, XueYong Zhao, YuLin Li, YuQiang Li, YaYong Luo. Relationship between the haplotype distribution of Artemisia halodendron (Asteraceae) and hydrothermal regions in Horqin Sandy Land, northern China [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(2): 151-158.
[5] YuQiang Li, JianPeng Zhang, XueYong Zhao, TongHui Zhang, YuLin Li, XinPing Liu, YinPing Chen. Comparison of soil physico-chemical properties under different land-use and cover types in northeastern China's Horqin Sandy Land [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2016, 8(6): 495-506.
[6] YongQing Luo, XueYong Zhao, JiePing Ding, Tao Wang. Vertical distribution of Artemisia halodendron root system in relation to soil properties in Horqin Sandy Land, NE China [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2016, 8(5): 411-418.
[7] Yang Zhao, Peng Zhang, YiGang Hu, Lei Huang. Effects of artificial vegetation arrangement and structure on the colonization and development of biological soil crusts [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2016, 8(4): 343-349.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!