Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2016, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (5): 411-418.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2016.00411

Previous Articles    

Vertical distribution of Artemisia halodendron root system in relation to soil properties in Horqin Sandy Land, NE China

YongQing Luo1, XueYong Zhao1, JiePing Ding2,3, Tao Wang1   

  1. 1. Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China;
    2. Gansu Academy of Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou, Gansu 730020, China;
    3. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2016-03-24 Revised:2016-06-22 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: Ph.D., YongQing Luo, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences. No. 320, West Donggang Road, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China.
  • Supported by:
    This work was financially supported by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (No. 31500369) and the "One Hundred Talent" Program (Y551821001 and Y451H31001) of Chinese Academy of Sciences. We also thank the colleagues of Naiman Desertification Research Station, Chinese Academy of Sciences, for their help in laboratory analysis.

Abstract: Root distribution plays an important role in both vegetation establishment and restoration of degraded land through influencing soil property and vegetation growth. Root distribution at 0~60 cm depth of A. halodendron was investigated in Horqin Sandy Land. Soil organic carbon (SOC) and nitrogen (SN) concentration as well as carbon and nitrogen in root biomass and necromass were measured. Root length density (RLD) was estimated. Total root biomass, necromass and the RLD at 0~60 cm depth was 172 g/m2, 245 g/m2, and 368 m/m2, respectively. Both biomass and necromass of A. halodendron roots decreased with soil depth, live roots were mainly at 0~20 cm (76% of biomass and 63% of root length), while 73% of the necromass was within 0~30 cm depth. N concentration of roots (biomass and necromass) was about 1.0% and 1.5%, respectively. There were significant differences in SOC concentration between soil layers, but insignificant for SN. Soil C/N ratio decreased with depth (P<0.05). C and N storage for belowground system at 0~60 cm decreased markedly with depth; 41.4% of C and 31.7% of N were allocated to the 0~10 cm layer. Root bio- and necromass together contained similar amount of C to that of the soil itself in the top layer. N stock was dominated by soil nitrogen at all depths, but more so in deeper layers. It is clear that differentiating between soil layers will aid in interpreting A. halodendron efficiency in soil restoration in sandy land.

Key words: organic carbon, nitrogen, allocation, Horqin Sandy Land, soil restoration

Andrén O, Zhao X, Liu X, 1994. Climate and litter decomposition in Naiman, Inner Mongolia, China. Ambio, 23:222-224.
Baets SD, Poesen J, Gyssels G, et al., 2006. Effects of grass roots on the erodibility of topsoils during concentrated flow. Geomorphology, 76:54-67. DOI:10.1016/j.geomorph.2005.10.002.
Chang X, Zhao H, Yang C, et al., 2000. Influence of plant species diversity on productivity of sandy grassland in Horqin Region. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecolgy, 11:395-398. (in Chinese)
Devau N, Hinsinger P, Cadre EL, et al., 2011. Root-induced processes controlling phosphate availability in soils with contrasted P-fertilized treatments. Plant and Soil, 348:203-218. DOI:10.1007/s11104-011-0935-3.
Doblas-Miranda E, Sánchez-Piñero F, González-Megías A, 2009. Different structuring factors but connected dynamics shape litter and belowground soil macrofaunal food webs. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41:2543-2550. DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.09. 014.
Finér L, Ohashi M, Noguchi K, et al., 2011. Fine root production and turnover in forest ecosystems in relation to stand and environmental characteristics. Forest Ecology and Management, 262:2008-2023. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2011.08.042.
Geisseler D, Horwath WR, Doane TA, 2009. Significance of organic nitrogen uptake from plant residues by soil microorganisms as affected by carbon and nitrogen availability. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 41:1281-1288. DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2009.03.014.
Gill RA, Jackson RB, 2000. Global patterns of root turnover for terrestrial ecosystems. New Phytologist, 147:13-31. DOI:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00681.x.
Głąb T, Kacorzyk P, 2011. Root distribution and herbage production under different management regimes of mountain grassland. Soil and Tillage Research, 113:99-104. DOI:10.1016/j.still.2011.02.008.
Hansson AC, Zhao A, Andrén O, 1994. Fine-root growth dynamics of two shrubs in semiarid rangeland in Inner Mongolia, China. Ambio, 23:225-228.
Hansson AC, Zhao A, Andrén O, 1995. Fine-root production in degraded vegetation in Horqin Sandy Rangeland in Inner Mongolia, China. Arid Soil Research and Rehabilitation, 9:1-13. DOI:10.1080/15324989509385869.
Huang G, Zhao X, Su Y, et al., 2008. Vertical distribution, biomass, production and turnover of fine roots along a topographical gradient in a sandy shrubland. Plant and Soil, 308:201-212. DOI:10.1007/s11104-008-9620-6.
Huang W, Zhao X, Zhao X, et al., 2011. A combined approach using ISSR and ITS analysis for the characterization of Artemisia halodendron from Horqin sandy land, northern China. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology, 39:346-351. DOI:10.1016/j.bse. 2011.04.011.
ISSCAS-Institute of Soil Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 1978. Physical and Chemical Analysis Methods of Soils. Shanghai:Shanghai Science Technology Press, pp. 7-59. (in Chinese)
Jackson RB, Canadell J, Ehleringer JR, et al., 1996. A global analysis of root distributions for terrestrial biomes. Oecologia, 108:389-411. DOI:10.1007/BF00333714.
Jackson RB, Mooney HA, Schulze ED, 1997. A global budget for fine root biomass, surface area, and nutrient contents. Pro-ceedings of the National Academy of Science, 94:7362-7366.
Janssens IA, Sampson DA, Curiel-Yuste J, et al., 2002. The carbon cost of fine root turnover in a Scots pine forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 168:231-240. DOI:10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00755-1.
Jourdan C, Silva EV, Gonçalves JLM, et al., 2008. Fine root pro-duction and turnover in Brazilian Eucalyptus plantations under contrasting nitrogen fertilization regimes. Forest Ecology and Management, 256:396-404. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2008.04.034.
Kätterer T, Bolinder MA, Andrén O, et al., 2011. Roots contribute more to refractory soil organic matter than above-ground crop residues, as revealed by a long-term field experiment. Agri-culture, Ecosystems and Environment, 141:184-192. DOI:10.1016/j. agee.2011.02.029.
Lambers H, Mougel C, Jaillard B, et al., 2009. Plant-microbe-soil interactions in the rhizosphere:an evolutionary perspective. Plant and Soil, 321:83-115. DOI:10.1007/s11104-009-0042-x.
Landi L, Valori F, Ascher J, et al., 2006. Root exudate effects on the bacterial communities, CO2 evolution, nitrogen trans-formations and ATP content of rhizosphere and bulk soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 38:509-516. DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.05.021.
Li F, Zhang A, Duan S, et al., 2005. Patterns of reproductive allo-cation in Artemisia halodendron inhabiting two contrasting habitats. Acta Oecologica, 28:57-64. DOI:10.1016/j.actao.2005.02.005.
Li J, Liu Z, Li S, et al., 1994. Establishment of artificial vegetation model for Korqin sandy land. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 5(1):46-51. (in Chinese)
Li K, Luo Y, Zhang H, et al., 2012a. The relations between root distribution of Artemisia halodendron and soil water in Horqin. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment, 26(8):167-171. (in Chinese)
Li Y, Zhao H, Zhao X, et al., 2006. Biomass energy, carbon and nitrogen stores in different habitats along a desertification gradient in the semiarid Horqin Sandy Land. Arid Land Research and Management, 20:43-60. DOI:10.1080/15324980500369285.
Li Y, Zhao X, Chen Y, et al., 2012b. Effects of grazing exclusion on carbon sequestration and the associated vegetation and soil characteristics at a semi-arid desertified sandy site in Inner Mongolia, northern China. Canadian Journal of Soil Science, 92(6):807-819. DOI:10.4141/CJSS2012-030.
Liu B, Liu Z, Guan D, 2007. Seedling growth variation in response to sand burial in four Artemisia species from different habitats in the semi-arid dune field. Trees, 22:41-47. DOI:10.1007/s00468-007-0167-6
Liu S, Piao J, An M, et al., 2003. Distribution dynamics of Artemisia halodendron absorbent roots in different kinds of sandy land. Acta Phytoecologica Sinica, 27(5):684-689. (in Chinese)
Ma J, Liu Z, Zeng D, et al., 2010. Aerial seed bank in Artemisia species:how it responds to sand mobility. Trees, 24:435-441. DOI:10.1007/s00468-010-0411-3.
Mainiero R, Kazda M, Haberle KH, et al., 2009. Fine root dynamics of mature European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) as influenced by elevated ozone concentrations. Environmental Pollution, 157:2638-2644. DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2009.05.006.
Manzoni S, Piñeiro G, Jackson RB, et al., 2012. Analytical models of soil and litter decomposition:Solutions for mass loss and time-dependent decay rates. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 50:66-76. DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.02.029.
Matamala R, Gonzalez-Meler MA, Jastrow JD, et al., 2003. Impacts of fine root turnover on forest NPP and soil C sequestration potential. Science, 302:1385-1387. DOI:10.1126/science.1089543.
Mei L Wang Z, Cheng Y, et al., 2004. A review:factors influencing fine root longevity in forest ecosystems. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, 28:704-710. (in Chinese)
Mendez-Millan M, Dignac MF, Rumpel C, et al., 2012. Contribution of maize root derived C to soil organic carbon throughout an agricultural soil profile assessed by compound specific 13C analysis. Organic Geochemistry, 42:1502-1511. DOI:10.1016/j. orggeochem.2011.02.008.
Nelson DW, Sommers LE, 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In:Page AL, Miller RH, Keeney DR (eds.). Methods of Soil Analysis, 2nd Edition. American Society of Agronomy, Madison WI, pp. 539-577.
Norby RJ, Jackson RB, 2000. Root dynamics and global change:seeking an ecosystem perspective. New Phytologist, 147:3-12. DOI:10.1046/j.1469-8137.2000.00676.x.
Ostonen I, Löhmus K, Pajuste K, 2005. Fine root biomass, pro-duction and its proportion of NPP in a fertile middle-aged Norway spruce forest:Comparison of soil core and ingrowth core methods. Forest Ecology and Management, 212:264-277. DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2005.03.064.
Reubens B, Poesen J, Danjon F, et al., 2007. The role of fine and coarse roots in shallow slope stability and soil erosion control with a focus on root system architecture:a review. Trees, 21(4):385-402. DOI:10.1007/s00468-007-0132-4.
Richardson AE, Lynch JP, Ryan PR, et al., 2011. Plant and microbial strategies to improve the phosphorus efficiency of agriculture. Plant and Soil, 349:121-156. DOI:10.1007/s11104-011-0950-4.
Schelle H, Durner W, Iden SC, et al., 2013. Simultaneous estimation of soil hydraulic and root distribution parameters from ly-simeter data by inverse modeling. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 19:564-573.
Sokalska DI, Haman DZ, Szewczuk A, et al., 2009. Spatial root distribution of mature apple trees under drip irrigation system. Agricultural Water Management, 96:917-924.
Stover DB, Day FP, Drake BG, et al., 2010. The long-term effects of CO2 enrichment on fine root productivity, mortality, and sur-vivorship in a scrub-oak ecosystem at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, USA. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 69:214-222. DOI:10.1016/j.envexpbot.2010.03.003.
Su Y, Zhang T, Li Y, et al., 2005. Changes in soil properties after establishment of Artemisia halodendron and Caragana mi-crophylla on shifting sand dunes in semiarid Horqin Sandy Land, northern China. Environmental management, 36:272-281. DOI:10.1007/s00267-004-4083-x.
Tu L, Hu T, Zhang J, et al., 2013. Nitrogen addition stimulates different components of soil respiration in a subtropical bamboo ecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 58:255-264. DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.12.005.
Tuomi M, Thum T, Järvinen H, et al., 2009. Leaf litter decomposition-Estimates of global variability based on Yasso07 model. Ecological Modelling, 220:3362-3371. DOI:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.05.016.
Wu J, Liu Z, Chen D, et al., 2011. Understory plants can make substantial contributions to soil respiration:Evidence from two subtropical plantations. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 43:2355-2357. DOI:10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.07.011.
Zhang J, Zhao H, Zhang T, et al., 2005. Community succession along a chronosequence of vegetation restoration on sand dunes in Horqin Sandy Land. Journal of Arid Environments, 62:555-566. DOI:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2005.01.016.
Zhang T, Zhao H, Li S, et al., 2004. A comparison of different measures for stabilizing moving sand dunes in the Horqin Sandy Land of Inner Mongolia, China. Journal of Arid Envi-ronments, 58:203-214. DOI:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2003.08.003.
Zhao A, 1994. Distribution and dynamics of root systems of Artemisia halodendron and Caragana microphylla. Grassland of China, 3:15-19. (in Chinese)
Zhao C, Zhao Z, Hong Z, et al., 2011. Contribution of root and rhizosphere respiration of Haloxylon ammodendron to seasonal variation of soil respiration in the Central Asian desert. Quaternary International, 244:304-309. DOI:10.1016/j.quaint.2010.11. 004.
Zhou N, Liu P, Wang Z, et al., 2011. The effects of rapeseed root exudates on the forms of aluminum in aluminum stressed rhi-zosphere soil. Crop Protection, 30:631-636. DOI:10.1016/j.cropro.2011.02.011.
Zhou Z, Shangguan Z, 2007. Vertical distribution of fine roots in relation to soil factors in Pinus tabulaeformis Carr. forest of the Loess Plateau of China. Plant and Soil, 291:119-129. DOI:10.1007/s11104-006-9179-z.
Zhu Y, Zhang S, Huang H, et al., 2009. Effects of maize root exudates and organic acids on the desorption of phenanthrene from soils. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 21:920-926. DOI:10.1016/S1001-0742(08)62362-1.
Zuo X, Zhao X, Wang S, et al., 2012. Influence of dune stabilization on relationship between plant diversity and productivity in Horqin Sand Land, Northern China. Environmental Earth Sci-ences, 67:1547-1556. DOI:10.1007/s12665-012-1950-2.
[1] Rong Yang,JunQia Kong,ZeYu Du,YongZhong Su. Altitude pattern of carbon stocks in desert grasslands of an arid land region [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(5): 404-412.
[2] WenDa Huang, XueYong Zhao, YuLin Li, YuQiang Li, YaYong Luo. Relationship between the haplotype distribution of Artemisia halodendron (Asteraceae) and hydrothermal regions in Horqin Sandy Land, northern China [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(2): 151-158.
[3] YuQiang Li, JianPeng Zhang, XueYong Zhao, TongHui Zhang, YuLin Li, XinPing Liu, YinPing Chen. Comparison of soil physico-chemical properties under different land-use and cover types in northeastern China's Horqin Sandy Land [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2016, 8(6): 495-506.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!