Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2015, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (5): 611-618.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2015.00611

• ARTICLES • Previous Articles    

Investigation of frost heave prevention using permeable subgrade structure

DeGou Cai, JianPing Yao, HongYe Yan, QianLi Zhang, AiJun Cheng, Jie Liu   

  1. Railway Engineering Research Institute, China Academy of Rails Science, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2015-03-11 Revised:2015-06-01 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: HongYe Yan, Assistant Research Fellow, Railway Engineering Research Institute, China Academy of Rails Science, Beijing 100081, China. E-mail:
  • Supported by:
    This work is supported by the China Railways Corporation research projects entitled "The technical tests for the high speed railway subgrade frost heave prevention in the alpine" (Project No. Z2013-038), "The long term observation of frost-heave technology for Ha-Da high-speed railway during the operation" (Project No. Z2012-062) and "Optimal design for high-speed railway subgrade structure under different grade and environment" (Project No. 2014G003-A), and from the Railway Scientific and Technological Research and Development Center called "The mechanism and evolution rule of the graded gravel under freeze and thawing cycles for the high speed railway" (Project No. J2014G003) and "The disease control technology and equipment of gradating gravel in surface layer of subgrade bed" (Project No. 2013YJ032).

Abstract: This paper set up a series of comprehensive targets based on the concept of 'anti-freeze filler', which include reasonable water retention rate, frost heave characteristics, and compaction characteristics of filling material. Then, a type of permeable graded gravel is proposed, suitable for high-speed railway subgrade. A series of in-door water retention, permeability, and frost heave tests were performed under different graded conditions. Water retention, permeability, and frost heave characteristic of different graded filling materials can be determined, in order to define the gradation range of permeable graded gravel. Relying on the frost-heave monitoring record of high speed railway in Northeast China, a series of experimental studies were performed, which included on-site filler production, compaction test, and the anti-frost effect test, in order to improve the production and compaction techniques of permeable graded gravel. From the research of this paper, the use of permeable graded gravel subgrade as the anti-frost structure for the high-speed railway subgrade in cold areas is feasible.

Key words: high-speed railway, frost-heave prevention structure, permeable filling material, filling material production, compaction control

China Academy of Railway Sciences (CARS), 2014. Integrated control technology test of high-speed railway roadbed frost heave in alpine region. Report. Beijing: China Academy of Railway Sciences.
Harbin-Dalian Railway Passenger Dedicated Line LLC (HDRPD), 2014. Long-term continuous observations and heaving remediation technology on Harbin-Dalian high-speed railway. Report. Shenyang: Harbin-Dalian Railway Passenger Dedicated Line LLC.
Ji KR, 2014. Discussion on problem of frost heave of railway subgrade under ballast less track. Railway Engineering, (10): 66-68.
Konrad JM, Lemieux N, 2005. Influence of fines on frost heave characteristics of a well-graded base-course material. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 42(2): 515-527. DOI: 10.1139/T04-115.
Liu H, Niu FJ, Niu YH, et al, 2011. Study of design of filling material and setting anti-frost layer for high-speed railway roadbed in seasonally frozen regions. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 30(12): 2549-2557.
Niu FJ, Liu H, Niu YH, et al, 2013. Experimental study of roadbed stability in cutting section along a high-speed railway in seasonal frozen regions. Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 32(S2): 4032-4040.
Tian JL, Yang YK, Hu YP, et al, 2014a. The study on mechanical properties of the graded broken stone mixed with cement and fine powder. Advanced Materials Research, 905: 230-234. DOI: 10.4028/
Tian JL, Zeng XH, Yang YK, et al, 2014b. The heaving performance of the graded crushed stone at cold region. Advanced Materials Research, 831: 78-82. DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific. net/AMR.831.78.
Vinson TS, Ahmad F, Rieke R, 1986. Factors important to the development of frost heave susceptibly criteria for coarse-grained soils. Transportation Research Record, 25(1): 124-131. DOI: 10.1016/0148-9062(88)92819-7.
Wang TL, Yue ZR, 2013. Experimental study on the effect of fines content on the frost heaving characteristics of coarse grained soil. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 34(2): 359-366.
Xu XZ, Wang JC, Zhang LX, et al, 2001. Physics of Frozen Soil. Beijing Publishing House.
Ye YS, Wang ZJ, Cheng AJ, et al, 2007. Frost heave classification of railway subgrade filling material and the design of anti freezing layer. Chinese Railway Science, 28(1): 1-7.
Ye YS, Wang ZJ, Wang ZJ, et al. 2002. On fine soil used as subgrade filling material on qingshuihe section of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway. Chinese Railway Science, 23(6): 86-89. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1001-4632.2002.06.015.
Zhang WF, 2012. The anti-frost heave measures of passenger dedicated railway subgrade in the seasonal frozen area. Urban Construction Theory Research (Electronic Edition), 25: 73-78.
Zhao SY, Yang YK, Li FH, et al, 2014. Research on cement-modified frost heave characteristics of high-speed railway subgrade. Journal of the China Railway Society, 36(5): 71-75. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-8360.2014.05.013.
[1] QingZhi Wang, BoWen Tai, ZhenYa Liu, JianKun Liu. Study on the sunny-shady slope effect on the subgrade of a high-speed railway in a seasonal frozen region [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2015, 7(5): 513-519.
[2] Qiang Luo, WenQiang Lv, QingZhi Ye, RuiGuo Zhang. Structural analysis and design of frost resistance function for subgrade of high-speed railway ballasted track in cold regions [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2015, 7(5): 594-604.
Full text



No Suggested Reading articles found!