• ARTICLES •
Min Xu1, HaiDong Han1, ShiChang Kang1,2
| Braithwaite RJ, 1995. Positive degree-day factors for ablation on the Greenland ice sheet studied by energy-balance modelling. Journal of Glaciology, 41(137): 153–160. DOI: 10.1017/S0022143000017846.
Braithwaite RJ, Konzelmann T, Marty C, et al., 1998. Errors in daily ablation measurements in northern Greenland, 1993–94, and their implications for glacier climate studies. Journal of Glaciology, 44(148): 583–588. DOI: 10.1017/S0022143000002094.
Braithwaite RJ, Olesen OB, 1989. Calculation of glacier ablation from air temperature, West Greenland. In: Oerlemans J (ed.). Glacier Fluctuations and Climatic Change. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 219–233.
Braithwaite RJ, Zhang Y, 2000. Sensitivity of mass balance of five Swiss glaciers to temperature changes assessed by tuning a degree-day model. Journal of Glaciology, 46(152): 7–14. DOI: 10.3189/172756500781833511.
Braithwaite RJ, Zhang Y, Raper SCB, 2003. Temperature sensitivity of the mass balance of mountain glaciers and ice caps as a climatological characteristic. Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde and Glazialgeologie, 38(1): 35–61.
Han HD, Ding YJ, Liu SY, 2005. Estimation and analysis of heat balance parameters in the ablation season of debris-covered Kerqikaer Glacier, Tianshan Mountains. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 27(1): 88–94.
Han HD, Shao JR, Lin F, et al., 2012. Modeling the sensitivity of meltwater runoff of tuomuer-type glacier to climate changes. Progressus Inquisitiones de Mutatione Climatis, 8(5): 357–363. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-1719.2012.05.007.
Han HD, Wang J, Wang X, et al., 2009. Study of the positive degree-day factor of ice cliff ablation in debris-covered area of the Koxkar glacier. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 31(4): 620–627.
Hock R, 2003. Temperature index melt modelling in mountain areas. Journal of Hydrology, 282(1–4): 104–115. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1694(03)00257-9.
Jing ZF, Wang K, Liu L, 2015. Movement and variation of four typical glaciers in the Qilian Mountains, northwestern China. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 7(3): 206–211. DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2015.00206.
Kayastha RB, Ageta Y, Nakawo M, et al., 2003. Positive degree-day factors for ice ablation on four glaciers in the Nepalese Himalayas and Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Bulletin of Glaciological Research, 20: 7–14.
Kayastha RB, Takeuchi Y, Nakawo M, et al., 2000. Practical prediction of ice melting beneath various thickness of debris cover on Khumbu Glacier, Nepal, using a positive degree-day factor. In: Debris-Covered Glaciers. Washington, USA: IAHS Publication, 264: 71–81.
Laumann T, Reeh N, 1993. Sensitivity to climate change of the mass balance of glaciers in southern Norway. Journal of Glaciology, 39(133): 656–665.
Liu SY, Ding YJ, Wang NL, et al., 1998. Mass balance sensitivity to climate change of the Glacier No. 1 at the Urumqi River head, Tianshan Mts. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 20(1): 9–13.
Liu SY, Ding YJ, Ye BS, et al., 1996. Study on the mass balance of the Glacier No. 1 at the headwaters of the Urumqi River using degree-day method. In: Proceedings of the Fifth Chinese Conference on Glaciology and Geocryology (Volume 1). Lanzhou: Gansu Culture Press, pp. 197–204.
Liu SY, Wang NL, Ding YJ, et al., 1999. On the characteristics of glacier fluctuations during the last 30 years in Urumqi River Basin and the estimation of temperature rise in the high mountain area. Advance in Earth Sciences, 14(3): 279–285. DOI: 10.11867/j.issn.1001-8166.1999.03.0279.
Nuimura T, Fujita K, Fukui K, et al., 2011. Temporal changes in elevation of the debris-covered ablation area of Khumbu glacier in the Nepal Himalaya since 1978. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 43(2): 246–255. DOI: 10.1657/1938-4246-43.2.246.
Nuimura T, Fujita K, Yamaguchi S, et al., 2012. Elevation changes of glaciers revealed by multitemporal digital elevation models calibrated by GPS survey in the Khumbu region, Nepal Himalaya, 1992–2008. Journal of Glaciology, 58(210): 648–656. DOI: 10.3189/2012JoG11J061.
Qin DH, Chen YY, Li XY, 2005. Climate and Environment changes in China. Beijing: Science Press, pp. 114–120.
Scherler D, Bookhagen B, Strecker MR, 2011. Spatially variable response of Himalayan glaciers to climate change affected by debris cover. Natural Geoscience, 4(3): 156–159. DOI: 10.1038/ngeo1068.
Singh P, Kumar N, Arora M, 2000. Degree-day factors for snow and ice for Dokriani Glacier, Garhwal Himalayas. Journal of Hydrology, 235(1–2): 1–11. DOI: 10.1016/S0022-1694(00)00249-3.
Singh VP, Woolhiser DA, 2002. Mathematical modeling of watershed hydrology. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, 7(4): 270–292. DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)1084-0699(2002)7:4(270).
Sugiyama S, 2003. Influence of surface debris on summer ablation in Unteraar- and Lauteraargletscher, Switzerland. Bulletin of Glaciological Research, 20: 41–47.
Wu QR, Kang SC, Gao TG, et al., 2010. The characteristics of the positive degree-day factors of the Zhadang Glacier on the Nyainqêntanglha range of Tibetan Plateau, and its application. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 32(5): 891–897.
Xie CW, Ding YJ, Liu SY, et al., 2004. Analysis on the glacial hydrological features of the glaciers on the south slope of Mt. Tuomuer and the effects on runoff. Arid Land Geography, 27(4): 570–575. DOI: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6060.2004.04.022.
Yao TD, Thompson L, Yang W, et al., 2012. Different glacier status with atmospheric circulations in Tibetan Plateau and surroundings. Nature Climate Change, 2(9): 663–667. DOI: 10.1038/nclimate1580.
Zhang Y, Liu SY, Han HD, et al., 2004. Characteristics of climate on the Keqicar Glacier on the South Slopes of the Tianshan Mountains during ablation period. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 26(5): 545–550.
Zhang Y, Liu SY, Shangguan DH, et al., 2005. Study of the positive degree-day factors on the Koxkar Baqi glacier on the South Slope of Tianshan Mountains. Journal of Glaciology and Geocryology, 27(3): 337–343.
|||Mohan Bahadur Chand,Rijan Bhakta Kayastha. Study of thermal properties of supraglacial debris and degree-day factors on Lirung Glacier, Nepal [J]. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions, 2018, 10(5): 357-368.|