Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions ›› 2016, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (3): 250-262.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1226.2016.00250

• ARTICLES • Previous Articles    

Dynamic evaluation of groundwater resources in Zhangye Basin

LiNa Mi1,2, HongLang Xiao1, ZhengLiang Yin1, ShengChun Xiao1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology of Inland River Basin, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences/Heihe Key Laboratory of Ecohydrology and Integrated River Basin Science, Lanzhou, Gansu 730000, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-10-20 Revised:2016-03-28 Published:2018-11-23
  • Contact: LiNa Mi,Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute,Chinese Academy of Sciences.No.320,West Donggang Road,Lanzhou,Gansu 730000,
  • Supported by:
    This work was supported by the Science and Technology Service Network Plan of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KFJ-EW-STS-005-02),the International Science&Technology Cooperation Program of China (2013DFG70990),and National Natural Science Foundation of China (91225301).We also thank the editors and anonymous reviewers who provided valuable comments.

Abstract: Groundwater resource is vital to the sustainable development of socio-economics in arid and semi-arid regions of Northwest China.An estimation of the groundwater resources variation in Zhangye Basin was made during 1985-2013 based on long-term groundwater observation data and geostatistical method.The results show that from 1985 to 2013,groundwater storage exhibited tremendous dissimilarity on temporal and spatial scale for the whole Zhangye Basin,especially before and after implementation of the water diversion policy.Trend of groundwater storage varied from quick to slow decline or increase.The accumulative groundwater storage decreased nearly 47.52×108 m3,and annual average depletion rate reached 1.64×108 m3/a.Among which,the accumulative groundwater storage of the river and well water mixed irrigation district decreased by 37.48×108 m3,accounting for about 78.87% of the total groundwater depletion of the Zhangye Basin.Accumulative depletion of groundwater storage varied in respective irrigation districts.Though groundwater resources depletion rate slowed down from 2005,the overall storage in the whole basin and respective districts during 1985-2013 was still in a severe deficit such that,the groundwater resource was in a rather negative balance,which could threaten the local aquifer.This is the joint effect of climate change and human activities,however human activities,such as water diversion policy and groundwater exploitation,became increasingly intense.Our research results could provide a reasonable estimation for the groundwater balance in Zhangye Basin,providing a scientific basis for water resources unified planning and,this method can provide a relatively reliable way of estimation for large scale groundwater resources.

Key words: groundwater resources, dynamic evaluation, groundwater storage, Zhangye Basin

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