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Precipitation-runoff simulation for a Himalayan River Basin,India using artificial neural network algorithms
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Citation of this paper:Ray Singh Meena,Ramakar Jha,Kishanjit Kumar Khatua,2013.Precipitation-runoff simulation for a Himalayan River Basin,India using artificial neural network algorithms.Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions,5(1):0085~0095.
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Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Ray Singh Meena Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India  
Ramakar Jha Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India ramakar.jha@nitrkl.ac.in 
Kishanjit Kumar Khatua Department of Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela, India  
 
Abstract:In the Himalayan regions, precipitation-runoff relationships are amongst the most complex hydrological phenomena, due to varying topography and basin characteristics. In this study, different artificial neural networks (ANNs) algorithms were used to simulate daily runoff at three discharge measuring sites in the Himalayan Kosi River Basin, India, using various combinations of precipitation-runoff data as input variables. The data used for this study was collected for the monsoon period (June to October) during the years of 2005 to 2009. ANNs were trained using different training algorithms, learning rates, length of data and number of hidden neurons. A comprehensive multi-criteria validation test for precipitation-runoff modeling has been undertaken to evaluate model performance and test its validity for generating scenarios. Global statistics have demonstrated that the multilayer perceptron with three hidden layers (MLP-3) is the best ANN for basin comparisons with other MLP networks and Radial Basis Functions (RBF). Furthermore, non-parametric tests also illustrate that the MLP-3 network is the best network to reproduce the mean and variance of observed runoff. The performance of ANNs was demonstrated for flows during the monsoon season, having different soil moisture conditions during period from June to October.
keywords:precipitation-runoff  ANN  multilayer perceptron  radial basis functions
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